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Scholarly Interest Report
         
Robert H. Hauge
Faculty Fellow
Distinguished Faculty Fellow in Chemistry and Materials Science and Nanomaterials Engineering
 
e-mail:hauge@rice.edu
 
  • B.S. (1960) Loras College
  • Ph.D. (1965) University of California, Berkeley
 
Primary Department
   Department of Chemistry
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Department Affiliations
 
  • Rice Quantum Institute
  • Smalley Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology
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    Websites
     CNL
     Chemistry
     
    Research Areas
     Physical, inorganic and materials chemistry
     
    Research Statement
     Studies of single wall nanotubes, NASA, with R. E. Smalley.

    Studies of elastomer degradation, Haliburton, with W. E. Billups, and A. R. Barron.
     

    R. Hauge research interests; The production, chemistry and applications of single wall carbon nanotubes

     

    Single wall carbon nanotubes have many potential applications in energy, power, electrical, sensor and strong light weight materials. For many of the applications they must be made in large amounts at low cost and preferably with specific diameters and band gaps, for instance as semiconductors or metallic tubes. The primary goal of my research is to develop new swnt growth methods that can be scaled to pound and ultimately ton quantities where only specific types of swnt are grown. In addition a second goal is the development of scalable chemistries of swnt that permit swnt to be dispersed as molecular species in solvents and polymers.

     
    Teaching Areas
     Chemistry
     
    Selected Publications
     Refereed articles
     

    A. K. Sadana, F. Liang, B. Brinson, S. Arepalli, S. Farhat, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley and W. E. Billups "Functionalization and extraction of large fullerenes and carbon-coated metal formed during the synthesis of single wall carbon nanotubes by laser oven, direct current arc, and high-pressure carbon monoxide production methods." Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 109 (2005) : 4416-4418.

     
     

    G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley "Stability of high-density one-dimensional excitons in carbon nanotubes under high laser excitation." Physical Review Letters, 94 (2005) : 097401.

     
     

    K. J. Ziegler, Z. N. Gu, H. Q. Peng, E. L. Flor, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley "Controlled oxidative cutting of single-walled carbon nanotubes." Journal of the American Chemical Society, 127 (2005) : 1541-1547.

     
     

    K. J. Ziegler, Z. N. Gu, J. Shaver, Z. Y. Chen, E. L. Flor, D. J. Schmidt, C. K. Chan, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley "Continued Growth of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes." Nano Letters, 5 (2005) : 997-1002.

     
     

    R. L. Carver, H. Q. Peng, A. K. Sadana, P. Nikolaev, S. Arepalli, C. D. Scott, W. E. Billups, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley "A model for nucleation and growth of single wall carbon nanotubes via the HiPco process: A catalyst concentration study." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 5 (2005) : 1035-1040.

     
     

    Z. N. Gu, F. Liang, Z. Y. Chen, A. Sadana, C. Kittrell, W. E. Billups, R. H. Hauge, and R. E. Smalley "In situ Raman studies on lithiated single-wall carbon nanotubes in liquid ammonia." Chemical Physics Letters, 410 (2005) : 467-470.

     
     

    G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley "Interband Recombination Dynamics in Resonantly Excited Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes." Physical Review Letters, 92(11) (2004) : 1174021-1174024.

     
     

    W. Zhou, J. Vavro, C. Guthy, K. I> Winey, J. E. Fischer, L. M. Ericson, S. Ramesh, R. Saini, V. A. DAvis, C. Kittrell, M. Pasquali, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley "Single wall carbon nanotube fibers extruded from super-acid suspension: Preferred orientation, electrical and thermal transport." J. Applied Physics, 95(2) (2004) : 649-655.

     
     

    R. Smalley, J. Ma, R. Weisman, M. O'Connell, S. Bachilo, C. Huffman, V. Moore, M. Strano, E. Haroz, K. Rialon, P. Boul, Hauge, R. "Band Gap Fluorescence from Individual Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes." Science, 297 (2002) : 593-596.

     
     Other
     

    G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, J. Kono, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley. ""Interband recombination dynamics in resonantly excited single-walled carbon nanotubes." Physical Review Letters, 92, 117402 (2004).." 

     
     

    J. Kono, G. N. Ostojic, S. Zaric, M. S. Strano, V. C. Moore, J. Shaver, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley. ""Ultra-fast optical spectroscopy of micelle-suspended single-walled carbon nanotubes." Applied Physics a-Materials Science & Processing, 78, 1093-1098 (2004).." 

     
     

    L. M. Ericson, H. Fan, H. Peng, V. A. Davis, W. Zhou, J. Sulpizio, Y. H. Wang, R. Booker, J. Vavro, C. Guthy, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, M. J. Kim, S. Ramesh, R. Saini, C. Kittrell, G. Lavin, H. Schimdt, W. W. Adams, W. E. Billups, M. Pasquali, W. H. Hwang, R. H. Hauge, J. E. Fischer and R. E. Smalley. ""Macroscopic, Neat, Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Fibers." Science, 305, 1447-1450 (2004).." 

     
     

    Liang, F.; Sadana, A. K.; Peera, A.; Chattopadhyay, J.; Gu, Z.; Hauge, R. H.; Billups, W.E.; "?A Convenient Route to Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes? Nano Lett.; (Communication); 2004; 4(7); 1257-1260. ." 

     
     

    S. Ramesh, L. M. Ericson, V. A. Davis, R. K. Saini, C. Kittrell, M. Pasquali, W. E. Billups, W. W. Adams, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley. ""Dissolution of pristine single walled carbon nanotubes in superacids by direct protonation."Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 108, 8794-8798 (2004).." 

     
     

    S. Zaric, G. N. Ostojic, J. Kono, J. Shaver, V. C. Moore, M. S. Strano, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley and X. Wei. ""Optical signatures of the Aharonov-Bohm phase in single-walled carbon nanotubes." Science, 304, 1129-1131 (2004).." 

     
     

    T. Liu, B. G. Min, H. Guo, S. Kumar, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley. ""Polyacrylonitrile single-walled carbon nanotube composite fibers." T. V. Sreekumar, Advanced Materials, 16, 58 (2004).." 

     
     

    V. A. Davis, L. M. Ericson, A. N. G. Parra-Vasquez, H. Fan, Y. H. Wang, V. Prieto, J. A. Longoria, S. Ramesh, R. K. Saini, C. Kittrell, W. E. Billups, W. W. Adams, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley and M. Pasquali. ""Phase Behavior and rheology of SWNTs in superacids." Macromolecules, 37, 154-160 (2004).." 

     
     

    W. Zhou, J. Vavro, C. Guthy, K. I. Winey, J. E. Fischer, L. M. Ericson, S. Ramesh, R. Saini, V. A. Davis, C. Kittrell, M. Pasquali, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley. ""Single wall carbon nanotube fibers extruded from super-acid suspensions: Preferred orientation, electrical, and thermal transport." . Journal of Applied Physics, 95, 649-655 (2004).." 

     
     

    Y. H. Wang, S. Da, M. J. Kim, K. F. Kelly, W. H. Guo, C. Kittrell, R. H. Hauge and R. E. Smalley. ""Ultrathin "bed-of-nails" membranes of single-wall carbon nanotubes." Journal of the American Chemical Society, 126, 9502-9503 (2004).." 

     
     

    H. Peng, Z. Gu, J. Yang, J. L. Zimmerman, P. A. Willis, M. J. Bronikowski, R. E. Smalley, R. H. Hauge, and J. L. Margrave "Fluorotubes as Cathodes in Lithium Electrochemical Cells." Nano Letters, 1(11) (2001) : 625-629.

     
     

    I. W. Chiang, B. E. Brinson, A. Y. Huang, P. A. Willis, M. J. Bronikowski, J. L. Margrave, R. E. Smalley, and R. H. Hauge "Purification and Characterization of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) Obtained from the Gas-Phase Decomposition of CO (HiPco Process)." J. Phys. Chem. B, 105(35) (2001) : 8297-8301.

     
     

    I. W. Chiang, B. E. Brinson, R. E. Smalley, J. L. Margrave, and R. H. Hauge "Purification and Characterization of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes." J. Phys. Chem. B, 105(6) (2001) : 1157-1161.

     
     

    I. W. Chiang, J. L. Margrave, R. E. Smalley, and R. H. Hauge "Purification of HiPco Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes." Nanospace 2001 (2001) : 137.

     
     

    I. W. Chiang, R. K. Saini, E. T. Mickelson, W. E. Billups, R. H. Hauge, and J. L. Margrave "Covalent Sidewall Functionalization of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes." Proc. ADT/FCT Meeting, Auburn University, Auburn, South Carolina (2001) : 687-693.

     
     

    I. W. Chiang, R. K. Saini, E. T. Mickelson, W. E. Billups, R. H. Hauge, and J. L. Margrave "Covalent Sidewall Functionalization of Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes." National Academy of Sciences Arthur Sackler Colloquia, Washington, DC (2001) : 40.

     
     

    J. T. Sadowski, Y. Fujikawa, K. F. Kelly, K. Nakayama, T. Sakurai, E. T. Mickelson, R. H. Hauge, and J. L. Margrave "Fluorinated fullerene thin films grown on the Si(111)-7 x 7 surfaces--STM and HREELS investigations." J. Crystal Growth, 229 (2001) : 580-585.

     
     

    C. Judith Chu, Zakya H. Kafafi, John L. Margrave, Robert H. Hauge, and W. E. Billups "Matrix-Isolation Studies of the Reactions of Ground and Excited State Atomic Iron with Cyclopropane." Organometallics, 19 (2000) : 39-48.

     
     

    J. L. Zimmerman, Robert Kelley Bradley, Chad B. Huffman, Robert H. Hauge, and J. L. Margrave "Gas-Phase Purification of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes." Chem. Materials, 12(5) (2000) : 1,361-1,366.

     
     

    K. F. Kelly, E. T. Mickelson, R. H. Hauge, J. L. Margrave, and N. J. Halas "Nanoscale Imaging of Chemical Interactions: Fluorine on Graphite." Proc. Nat'l. Acad. Sci., 97(19) (2000) : 10,318-10,321.

     
     

    R. H. Hauge, I. Chiang, D. Colbert, A. Lee, R. E. Smalley, and J. L. Margrave "Spectroscopic Methods for Quality Control of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes." Proc. Nanospace 2000 (January 23-28, 2000)

     
     

    R. H. Hauge, John L. Margrave, K. F. Kelly, E. T. Mickelson, and Naomi Halas "Nanoscale Imaging of Chemical Interactions: Fluorine on Graphite." Jounal of Molecular Structure (1999/December)

     
     

    R. H. Hauge, John L. Margrave, K. F. Kelly, I. W. Chiang, E. T. Mickelson, X. Wang, G. E. Scueria, C. Radloff and Naomi Halas "Insight into the mechanism of sidewall functionalization of single-walled nanotubes: an STM study." Chemical Physics Letters, 313 (1999) : 445-450.

     
     

    Robert H. Hauge, John L. Margrave, C. Judith Chu, Zakya H. Kafafi, and W. E. Billups "Matrix-Isolation Studies of the Reaction of Ground-and-Excited State Atomic Iron with Cyclopropane." Organometallics (1999/December)

     
     

    Robert H. Hauge, John L. Margrave, E. T. Mickelson, I. W. Chiang, J. L. Zimmerman, P. J. Boul and R. E. Smalley "Solvation of fluorinated single wall carbon nanotubes in alcohol." Journal of Physical Chemistry, 103 (1999) : 4318-4322.

     
     

    Robert H. Hauge, John L. Margrave, Peter J. Boul, Edward T. Mickelson, Jie Liu, Ivana Chiang, Lawrence B. Alemany, Daniel T. Colbert, Ken Smith and Richard T. Smalley "Reversible Sidewall Functionalization of Buckytubes." Chemical Physics Letters, 310 (1999) : 367-372.

     
     

    Robert H. Hauge, John L. Margravve, John L. Zimmerman, Kelly Bradley, Chad Huffman, Edward T. Mickelson, and Richard E. Smalley "Gas-Phase Purification of Single-wall Nanotubes." Chemistry of Materials (1999/December)

     
    Presentations
     Invited Talks
     

    Distinguished Faculty Fellow.  "Production and Spectrascopic Characterization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes." XV International Winterschool/Euroconference, Kirchberg, Tirol, Austria. (March 2001)

     
     Lectures
     

    Distinguished Faculty Fellow.  "Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes." Continuing Studies, Rice University. (November 13, 2002)

     
    Editorial Positions
     Other, High Temperature and Materials Science. Humana Press. (1999 - 1999)

     Other, Journal of High Temperature and Materials Science. Humana Press. (2000 - 2000)

    Awards, Prizes, & Fellowships
     Member, Materials Research Society

     Member, American Chemical Society

     Member, Electrochemical Society

     Member, Electrochemical Society

     Member, American Chemical Society

     Member, Material Research Society