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Scholarly Interest Report
         
Fenglin Niu
Professer
Professor of Earth Science
 
e-mail:niu@rice.edu
 
  • Ph.D. Geophysics (1997) University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • M.S. Geophysics (1994) University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • B.S. Geophysics (1988) University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China
 
Primary Department
   Department of Earth, Environmental & Planetary Sciences
Picture
 
Websites
 Global Seismology Group at Rice University
 Fenglin Niu Personal Website
 Dr. Niu's Personal Webpage
 
Research Areas
 Global Seismology, Seismic Structure of Earth's Deep Interior, Earthquake Physics and Stress Monitoring, Microseismic monitoring
 

Research Statement

 

We focus on determining the seismic structure of Earth's deep interior to understand its chemical composition and dynamic processes. We have applied and developed many techniques to map the fine seismic structures at various depths. A variety of research projects including the inner core hemisphericity and anisotropy, fine seismic structure near the core-mantle boundary, seismic reflectors in the mid-mantle depths, lateral variation of the mantle transition zone structure, the crust-mantle transition and depth distribution of seismic anisotropy is ongoing in our group. More specifically, (1) Inner core hemisphericity and anisotropy; (2) Fine seismic structures near the core-mantle boundary (CMB); (3) Seismic heterogeneities in the middle and lower mantle; (4) Lateral variation of mantle transition-zone structure; (5) Fine seismic structures of the lowermost crust and crust-mantle transition (6) Depth distribution of seismic anisotropy; (7) Seismic imaging of stress/strain transients; (8) Microseismic mornitoring

 
Teaching Areas
 Solid Earth Geophysics, Sesimology, Digital Signal Processing
 
Selected Publications
 Refereed articles
 

G. Li, F. Niu, Y. Yang., J. Xie, An investigation on time-frequency domain phase weighted stacking and its application to phase velocity extraction from ambient noise Green’s functions, Geophys. J. Int., under review, 2017.

 
 

G. Li, H. Chen, F. Niu, Z. Guo, Y. Yang, J. Xie, Measurement of Rayleigh wave ellipticity and its application to the joint inversion of high-resolution S-wave velocity structure beneath northeast China, J. Geophys. Res.,121, 10.1002/2015JB012459, 2016.

 
 

G. Xing, F. Niu, M. Chen, Y. Yang, Effects of shallow density structure on the inversion for crustal shear wavespeeds in surface wave tomography, Geophys. J. Int., 205 (2), 1144-1152 doi:10.1093/gji/ggw064, 2016

 
 

H. Chen, F. Niu, M. Obayashi., S. Grand, H. Kawakatsu, Y.J. Chen J. Ning, S. Tanaka, Mantle seismic anisotropy beneath NE China and implications for the lithospheric delamination hypothesis beneath the southern Great Xing’an range, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., under revision, 2017

 
 

L. Li, F. Niu, Q.F. Chen, J. Su, J. He, Postseismic velocity changes along the 2008 M7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake rupture zone revealed by S coda of repeating events, Geophys. J. Int., 208, 1237-1249, 2017

 
 

M. Chen, F. Niu, J. Tromp, A. Lenardic, C.-T. Lee, W. Cao, J. Ribeiro, Lithospheric foundering and underthrusting imaged beneath Tibet, Nature Communications, under revision, 2017

 
 

Q. Wang, F. Niu, Y. Gao, Y. Chen, Crustal structure and deformation beneath the NE margin of the Tibetan plateau constrained by teleseismic receiver function data, Geophys. J. Int., 204,167-179, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv420, 2016.

 
 

Q. Wang, Y. Gao, F. Niu, Y. Chen, Influence of a dipping Moho on the estimate of crustal anisotropy with receiver function data, Earthquake, (in Chinese), 36(2), 14-25, 2016

 
 

Y. Chen, F. Niu, Joint Inversion of Receiver Functions and Surface Waves with Enhanced Preconditioning on Densely Distributed CNDSN Stations: Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure beneath China, J. Geophys. Res., 121, 10.1002/2015JB012450, 2016.

 
 

Y. Liu, F. Niu, M. Chen, W. Yang, 3-D crustal and uppermost mantle structure beneath NE China revealed by ambient noise adjoint tomography, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 461, 20-29, 2017

 
 

J. Chen, F. Niu, J. Ning, Anisotropy of the Innermost Inner Core Further Constrained by Chinese Data, Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis (in Chinese), 10.13209/j.0479-8023.2015.061, 2015.

 
 

J. Huang, F. Niu, R. G. Gordon, C. Cui, Accurate focal depth determination oceanic earthquakes using water-column reverberations: preliminary test of the shrinking plate hypothesis, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 432, 133-141, 2015

 
 

J. Masy, F. Niu, A. Levander, and M. Schmitz, Lithospheric Expressions of the Cenozoic Subduction, Mesozoic Rifting and the Precambrian Shield in Venezuela,  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 410, 12-24, 2015 

 
 

L. Li, Q.-F. Chen, F. Niu, J.-R. Su, Quantitative study of the deep deformation along the southern segment of the Xianshuihe fault zone using repeating microearthquakes, Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 58(11), 4138-4148, doi:10.6038/cjg20151121, 2015.

 
 

M. Chen, F. Niu , Q. Liu, J. Tromp, X. Zheng, Multi-parameter adjoint tomography of the crust and upper mantle beneath East Asia: 1. Model construction and comparisons, J. Geophys. Res., 120, 1762-1786, doi:10.1002/2014JB011638, 2015

 
 

M. Chen, F. Niu, Q. Liu, J. Tromp, Mantle-driven Uplift of Hangai Dome: New Seismic Constraints from Adjoint Tomography, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 10.1002/2015GL065018, 2015

 
 

N.R. Ranasinghe, A.C. Gallegos, A.R. Trujillo, E.A. Sandvol, J. Ni, T.M. Hearn, Y. Tang, S.P. Grand, F. Niu, Y.J. Chen, J. Ning, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, M. Obayashi, Lg Attenuation in Northeast China Using NECESSArray Data, Geophys. J. Int., 200, 67-76, 2015.

 
 

Thurner, R. Margolis, A. Levander, F. Niu , PdS Receiver Function Evidence for Crustal Scale Thrusting, Relic Subduction, and Mafic Underplating in the Trans‐Hudson Orogen and Yavapai Province, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 426, 13-22, 2015.

 
 

S., Tanaka, H. Kawakatsu, M. Obayashi, Y.J. Chen, J. Ning, S. Grand, F. Niu, J., Ni, Rapid lateral variation of P-wave velocity at the base of the mantle near the edge of the Large-Low Shear Velocity Province beneath the western Pacific, Geophys. J. Int., 200, 1052-1065, 2015.

 
 

Z. Guo, Y.J. Chen, J. Ning, Y. Feng, S. Grand, F. Niu , H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, M. Obayashi, J. Ni, High resolution crustal structure beneath NE China from 3D joint inversion of ambient noise and receiver functions using NECESSArray data, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 416, 1-11, 2015. 

 
 

Z. Liu, F. Niu, J.Y. Chen, S. Grand, H. Kawakatsu, J. Ning, S. Tanaka, M. Obayashi, and J. Ni, Receiver function images of the mantle transition zone beneath NE China: new constraints on intraplate volcanism and deep subduction, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 412, 101-111, 2015.

 
 

A. Levander, M. Bezada ,F. Niu, E. Humphreys, I. Palomeras , S. Thurner , J. Masy,  M. Schmitz , J. Gallart , R. Carbonell, M. Miller,  Subduction-Driven Recycling of Continental Margin Mantle Lithosphere, Nature,515, 253-256, 2014

 
 

F. Niu, Distinct compositional thin layers at mid-mantle depths beneath northeast China imaged by the USArray, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 402, 305-312, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2013.02.015i, 2014

 
 

H. Chen, H. Ge, F. Niu, Semiannual velocity variations around the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan Earthquake fault zone revealed by ambient noise and ACROSS active source data, Earthquake Science, doi10.1007/s11589-014-0089-5, 2014.

 
 

H. Liu, N. Dai, F. Niu, and W. Wu, An Explicit Time Evolution Method for Acoustic Wave Propagation, Geophysics, 79 (3) T117-T124,doi:10.1190/GEO2013-0073.1, 2014.

 
 

K. Tao, F. Niu, J. Ning, J.Y. Chen, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, M. Obayashi, and J. Ni, Crustal structure beneath NE China imaged by NECESSArray receiver function data,  Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 398, 48-57, 10.1016/j.epsl.2014.04.043, 2014. 

 
 

K. Tao, T. Liu, J. Ning, and F. Niu, Estimating sedimentary and crustal structure using wavefield continuation: theory, techniques and applications, Geophys. J. Int.,197, 443-457, doi:10.1093/gji/ggt515, 2014.

 
 

M. Chen, H. Huang, H. Yao, R. van der Hilst, and F. Niu, Low wavespeed zones in the crust beneath the SE Tibet revealed by ambient noise adjoint tomography, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2013GL058476, 2014.

 
 

Takeuchi, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, M. Obayashi, J. Chen, J. Ning, S. Grand, F. Niu J. Ni, R. Iritani, K. Idehara, T. Tonegawa, Upper Mantle Tomography in the Northwestern Pacific Region Using Triplicated P Waves, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 7667–7685, doi:10.1002/2014JB011161, 2014.

 
 

Y. Tang, M. Obayashi, F. Niu, S. Grand, J.Y. Chen, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, J. Ning, J. Ni, Seismic evidence of a subduction-induced mid-mantle plume for the origin of Changbaishan volcanism in northeast China, Nature Geoscience, 7, 470-475, doi:10.1038/ngeo2166, 2014. 

 
 

L. Li, Q.-F. Chen, F. Niu , J.-B. He, H. Fu, Estimates of deep slip rate along the Xiaojiang fault with repeating microearthquake data, Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 56(10), 3373-3384, 2013.

 
 

M.S., Miller, F. Niu, E. Vanacore, Aspherical structural heterogeneity within the uppermost inner core: insights into the hemispherical boundaries and core formation, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 223, 8-20, 2013

 
 

S., Wang, F. Niu, G. Zhang, Velocity structure of the uppermost mantle beneath East Asia from Pn tomography and its dynamic implications, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 290-301, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50085, 2013.

 
 

Y., Chen, F. Niu, Ray Parameter Based Stacking and Enhanced Preconditioning for Stable Inversion of Receiver Function Data, Geophys. J. Int., 194, 1682-1700, 2013.

 
 

F. Niu, C. Kelly, J. Huang, Constraints on rigid zones and other distinct layers at the top of the outer core using CMB underside reflection PKKP waves, Earthquake Science,  25, 17-24, 2012. 

 
 

H. Liu, and F. Niu, Estimating crustal seismic anisotropy with a joint analysis of radial and transverse receiver function data, Geophys. J. Int., 188, 144-164, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05249.x 2012.

 
 

Y. Sun, F. Niu, H. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Liu, Crustal structure and deformation of the SE Tibetan plateau revealed by receiver function data: Seismic evidence for a lower crustal flow beneath the plateau, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 349-350, 186-197, 2012.

 
 

B. Wang, and F. Niu, Spatial variations of the 660-km discontinuity in the western Pacific subduction zones observed from CEArray triplication data, Earthquake Science, 24, 77-85, 2011.

 
 

E. Vanacore, and F. Niu, Characterization of the D" layer beneath the Galapagos islands using SKKS and SKS waveforms, Earthquake Science, 24, 87-99, 2011.

 
 

F. Niu, and J. Li, Component azimuths of the CEArray stations estimated from P-wave particle motion, Earthquake Science, 24, 3-13, 2011.

 
 

H. Liu, and F. Niu, Receiver function study of the crustal structure of northeast China: Seismic evidence for a mantle upwelling beneath the eastern flank of the Songliao Basin and the Changbaishan region, Earthquake Science, 24, 27-33, 2011.

 
 

H. Liu, and F. Niu, Estimating crustal seismic anisotropy with a joint analysis of radial and transverse receiver function data, Geophys. J. Int., 188, 144-164, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05249.x 2012.

 
 

J. Li, L. Ye and F. Niu, Seismic anisotropy and implication for mantle deformation beneath the NE margin of the Tibet plateau and Ordos plateau, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 189, 157-170, 2011

 
 

J. Masy, F. Niu , A. Levander, and M. Schmitz, Mantle flow beneath northwestern Venezuela: Seismic evidence for a deep origin of the Merida Andes, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 305, 396-404, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.03.024, 2011.

 
 

K. Liu, A. Levander, F. Niu, and M. Miller, Imaging crustal and upper mantle structure beneath the Colorado Plateau using finite-frequency Rayleigh wave tomography, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 12, Q07001, doi:10.1029/2011GC003611, 2011

 
 

L. Li, Q.-F. Chen, F. Niu, and J. Su, Deep slip rates along the Longmen Shan fault zone estimated from repeating microearthquakes, J. Geophys. Res., 116, B09310, doi:10.1029/2011JB008406, 2011.

 
 

Q.-F. Chen, L. Li, F. Niu, and J. Su, Large slip rate detected at the seismogenic zone of the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake, Earthquake Science, 24, 101-106, 2011.

 
 

S. Pan, and F. Niu, Large contrasts in crustal structure and composition between the Ordos plateau and the NE Tibetan plateau from receiver function analysis, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 303, 291-298, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.01.007, 2011.

 
 

X. Cheng, F. Niu, P. G. Silver, R. Nadeau, Seismic imaging of scatterer migration associated with the 2004 Parkfield earthquake using waveform data of repeating earthquakes and active sources, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 101, 1291-1301, 2011.

 
 

X. Wang, and F. Niu, Imaging the mantle transition zone beneath eastern and central China with CEArray receiver functions, Earthquake Science, 24, 65-75, 2011.

 
 

B. Wang, and F. Niu, A broad 660-km discontinuity beneath northeastern China revealed by dense regional seismic networks in China, J. Geophys. Res., 15, B06308, doi:10.1029/2009JB006608, 2010.

 
 

E. Vanacore, F. Niu, Y. Ma, Large angle reflection from a dipping structure recorded as a PKP precursor: Evidence for a low velocity zone at the core-mantle boundary beneath the Gulf of Mexico, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 293, 54-62, 2010.

 
 

J. Huang, E. Vanacore, F. Niu, and A. Levander, Mantle transition zone beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary and its tectonic implications, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 289, 105-111 doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2009.10.033, 2010

 
 

J. Li, and F. Niu, Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath northeast China inferred from regional seismic networks, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B12327, doi:10.1029/2010JB007470, 2010.

 
 

N. Liu, F. Niu, Q.-F. Chen, and Y. Chen, Imaging the rupture of the 2010 M8.8 Chile earthquake with a broadband seismic array, Chinese J. Geophys. (in Chinese), 53(7),1605-1610, doi:10.3969/j.issn.0001-5733.2010.07.011, 2010.

 
 

X. Cheng, F. Niu, and B. Wang, Coseismic velocity change in the rupture zone of the 2008 Mw 7.9 Wenchuan earthquake observed from ambient seismic noise data, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., in revision, 2010.

 
 

Y. Chen, F. Niu, R. Liu, Z. Huang, H. Tkalcic, L. Sun, and W. Chan, Crustal Structure beneath China from receiver function analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B03307, doi:10.1029/2009JB006386, 2010

 
 

Y. He, A. Levander, F. Niu, A localized waveform inversion at teleseismic distances: an application to the D" region beneath the Cocos plate, Geophys. J. Int., 180, 1344-1352, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04489.x, 2010.

 
 

J. Huang, S.D. Ni, R.S. Fu, F. Niu, Z. Shao, Y. Zheng, Source mechanism of the 2006 Mw 5.1 Wen'an Earthquake determined from a joint inversion of local and teleseismic broadband waveform data, Chinese J. Geophys. (in Chinese), 52, 120-130, 2009

 
 

M. A. Growdon, G. L. Pavlis, F. Niu, F. Vernon, H. Rendon, Constraints on Mantle Flow at the Caribbean-South American Plate Boundary Inferred from Shear Wave Splitting, J. Geophys. Res.,114, B02303, doi:10.1029/2008JB005887, 2009

 
 

M. Miller, A. Levander, F. Niu, A. Li, Upper mantle structure beneath the Caribbean-South American plate boundary from surface wave tomography, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B01311, doi:10.1029/2007JB005507, 2009

 
 

T. Taira, P. G. Silver, F. Niu , R.M. Nadeau, Remote Triggering of Fault-Strength Changes on the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield, Nature, 461, 636-639 doi:10.1038/nature08395, 2009

 
 

B. Wang, P. Zhu, Y. Chen, F. Niu, B. Wang, Continuous in-situ measurement of stress-induced travel time variation with coda interferometry, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B12313, doi:10.1029/2007JB005023, 2008

 
 

F. Niu, P. Silver, T. Daley, X. Cheng, E. Majer "Prerupture Dilatancy Observed from Active Source Monitoring at the Parkfield SAFOD Drill Site." Nature, 454 (2008) : doi:10.1038/nature07111.

 
 

F. Niu, Q.-F. Chen "Seismic evidence for a distinctly anisotropic innermost inner core." Nature Geoscience, 1 (2008) : 692-696.

 
 

L. Li, Q.-F. Chen, F. Niu, H. Fu, R. Liu, and Y. Hou "Deformation rate along the Lijiang-Ninglang deformation zone estimated from repeating microearthquakes,." Chinese Science Bulletin, 53 (2008) : 10.1007/s11434-008-0406-2.

 
 Constraints on Mantle Flow at the Caribbean-South American Plate Boundary Inferred from Shear Wave Splitting
 
 

M. Miller, F. Niu "Bulldozing the core-mantle boundary: localized seismic scatterers beneath the Caribbean Sea." Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 170 (2008) : 89-94.

 
 

M. Miller, F. Niu, A. Levander "Upper mantle structure beneath the Caribbean – South American plate boundary from surface wave tomography." J. Geophys. Res (2008) In Press

 
 

Taka'aki Taira, Paul G. Silver, F. Niu , R.M. Nadeau "Detecting seismogenic stress evolution and constraining fault-zone rheology in the San Andreas Fault following the 2004 Parkfield Earthquake." J. Geophys. Res., 113 (2008) : B03303, doi:10.1029/2007JB00515.

 
 

F. Niu, T. Baldwin, G. Pavlis, F. Vernon, H. Rendon, A. Levander "Receiver Function Study of the Crustal Structure of the Southeastern Caribbean Plate Boundary and Venezuela." J. Geophys. Res, 112 (2007) : B11308, doi:10.1029/2006JB004802.

 
 

J. Li, Q.-F., Chen, E. Vanacore, F. Niu "Topography of the 660-km discontinuity beneath northeast China: Implications for a retrograde motion of the subducting Pacific slab." Geophys. Res. Lett., 35 (2008) : L01302, doi:10.1029/2007GL031658.

 
 

L. Li, Q.-F. Chen, X. Cheng, F. Niu "Spatial clustering and repeating of seismic events observed along the 1976 Tangshan fault, North China." Geophys. Res. Lett., 34 (2007) : L23309, doi:10.1029/2007GL031594.

 
 

N. Liu, Q.-F., Chen, F. Niu, Y. Chen "Rupture of the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake inferred from direct P-wave imaging." Chinese Science Bulletin, 52 (2007) : 1986-1991.

 
 

P. Silver, T. Daley, F. Niu, E. Majer "Active source monitoring of crosswell seismic travel time for stress induced changes." Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 97 (2007) : 281-293.

 
 

X. Cheng, F. Niu, P. Silver, S. Horiuchi, K. Takai, Y. Iio, and H. Ito "Similar microearthquakes observed in western Nagano, Japan and implications for rupture mechanics." J. Geophys. Res, 112 (2007) : B04306, doi:10.1029/2006JB004416.

 
 

X. He, H.-L. Zhou, Y.-L. Ma, F. Niu "Synthetic study on SS waveform splitting and complication." Acta Seismologica Sinica, 30(10) (2008) : 44-54.

 
 

A. Levander, F. Niu, C.-T.A. Lee, and X. Cheng, "Imag(in)ing the Continental Lithosphere." Tectonophysics, 416 (2006) : 167-185.

 
 

E. Vanacore, F. Niu, H. Kawakatsu "Observations of the mid-mantle discontinuity beneath Indonesia from S to P converted waveforms." Geophysical Research Letter, 33 (2006) : 10.1029/2005GL025106.

 
 

Yu W-C, Wen L, Niu F "Seismic velocity structure of the Earth's outer core." J. of Geophyiscal Research, 110 (2005) : 10.1029/2003JB002928.In Press

 
 

D. Suetsugu, T. Saita, H. Takenaka, F. Niu "Thickness of the mantle transition zone beneath the South Pacific as inferred from analyses of ScS reverberated and Ps converted waves." Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, 146 (2004) : 135-146.

 
 

F. Niu, A. Levander, C.M. Cooper, C.-T. Aeolus Lee, A. Lenardic, D.E. James "Seismic Constraints on the Depth and Composition of the Mantle Keel beneath the Kaapvaal Craton." Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 224 (2004) : 337-346.

 
 

D. Suetsugu, T. Saita, H. Tanaka, Niu, F. "Thickness of the mantle transition zone beneath the South Pacific as inferred from analyses of ScS reverberated and Ps converted waves." Physics of The Earth and Planetary Interiors, 146 (2004) : 135-146.

 
 

D.E. James, Niu, F., J. Rokosky "Crustal formation in the Archean: Constraints from the Southern Africa Seismic Experiment." Lithos (2003)

 
 

F. Niu, A. Levander, C.M. Cooper, C.-T. Aeolus Lee, A. Lenardic, D.E. James "Seismic Constraints on the Depth and Composition of the Mantle Keel beneath the Kaapvaal Craton,." Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 224 (2004) : 337-346.Submitted

 
 

F. Niu, H. Kawakatsu, Y. Fukao "Seismic evidence for a chemical heterogeneity in the midmantle: A strong and slightly dipping seismic reflector beneath the Mariana subduction zone." J. Geophys. Res., 108 (2003)

 
 

Niu, F., P.G. Silver, R.M. Nadeau, T.V. McEvilly "Stress-Induced Migration of Seismic Scatterers Associated with the 1993 Parkfield Aseismic Transient." Nature, 426 (2003) : 544-548.

 
 

L. Wen, Niu, F. "Seismic velocity and attenuation structures in the top of the Earth's inner core." Journal of Geophysical Research (2002) : 10.1029/2001JB000170.

 
 

Niu, F., D.E. James "Fine structure of the lowermost crust beneath the Kaapvaal craton and its implications for crustal formation and evolution." Earth Planetary Science Letters, 200 (2002) : 121-130.

 
 

Niu, F., L. Wen "Seismic anisotropy in the top 400 km of the inner core beneath the 'eastern' hemisphere." Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (2002) : 10.1029/2001GL014118.

 
 

Niu, F., S.C. Solomon, P.G. Silver, D. Suetsugu, H. Inoue "Mantle Transition-zone Structure beneath the South Pacific Superswell and Evidence for a Mantle Plume underlying the Society Hotspot." Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 198 (2002) : 371-380.

 
 Articles
 

F. Niu, Preface to the special issue on seismic array analysis and CEArray, Earthquake Science, 24, 1-2, 2011

 
 

G. Zhang, F. Niu, Z. Shao, S. Wang, Difference of Aftershock Activity and its Causes for Ms>=7.8 Earthquakes in China Continent, Earthquake (in Chinese), 30, 1-12

 
 

R. Nadeau, F. Niu, T. Taira, Seismic Imaging of Fault Zone Processes on the San Andreas Fault near Parkfield, InSights the EarthScope Newsletter, winter, 2010

 
 

G. Zhang, F. Niu , Z. Shao, The Parkfield Earthquake Prediction Experiment: The 2004 M6.0 Earthquake and Its Impact on Earthquake Physics and Earthquake Prediction Study, Earthquake Research in China (in Chinese), 25, 345-355

 
 

A. Levander, F. Niu, "Imaging teleseismic P to S scattered waves using the Kirchhoff integral." AGU Monograph: Analysis of Broadband Seismograms, edited by A. Levander and G. Nolet (2005) : 149-169.

 
 

C.-T. A. Lee, A. Lenardic, C.M. Cooper, F. Niu, A. Levander "The role of chemical boundary layers in regulating the thickness of continental and oceanic thermal boundary layers." Earth Planetary Science Letter, 230 (2005) : 379-395.

 
 

F. Niu, A. Levander, S. Ham, M. Obayashi "Mapping the subducting Pacific slab beneath southwest Japan with Hi-net receiver functions." Earth Planetary Science Letter, 239 (2005) : 9-17.

 
 

F. Niu, A.M. Perez "Seismic anisotropy in the lower mantle: a comparison of waveform splitting of SKS and SKKS." Geophysical Research Letter (2004) In Press

 
 Book chapters
 

T. Daley, F. Niu, P. Silver, E. Majer, Acquisition of Crosswell Seismic Monitoring Data. In: Junzo Kasahara, Valeri Korneev and Michael Zhdanov, editors: Active Geophysical Monitoring, Vol 40, Handbook of Geophysical Exploration: Seismic Exploration, Klaus Helbig and Sven Treitel. The Netherlands, Elsevier, pp. 165-176, 2010,

 
Presentations
 Conference abstracts
 

H. Chen, X. Meng, F. Niu, Y. Tang, An iterative matching and locating technique for borehole microseismic monitoring, S31B-2760, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 12-16, 2016.

 
 

F. Niu, M. Chen, J. Tromp, A. Lenardic, C.-T. Lee, W. Cao, J. Ribeiro, Lithospheric foundering and underthrusting imaged beneath Tibet, T33B-3023, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 12-16, 2016.

 
 

W. Miao, G. Li, F. Niu, Measurement of Rayleigh wave Z/H ratio and joint inversion for a high-resolution S wave velocity model beneath the Gulf of Mexico passive margi, S33F-04, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 12-16, 2016.

 
 

G. Li, H. Chen, F. Niu, Z, Guo, Y. Yang, J. Xie, Measurement of Rayleigh wave ellipticity and its application to the joint inversion of high-resolution S wave velocity structure beneath northeast China, S22A-04, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 12-16, 2016.

 
 

Z. Guan, F. Niu, Slowness based CCP stacking technique in suppressing crustal multiples, S41A-2726,AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 12-16, 2016.

 
 Invited Talks
 

 F. Niu, J. Huang, R. Gordon, Accurate Focal Depth Determination of Oceanic Earthquakes Using Water-column Reverberation and Some Implications for the Shrinking Plate Hypothesis, S42B-04, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.

 
 

A. Levander, M. Bezada, F. Niu, I. Palomeras, S. Thurner, E. Humphreys, R. Carbonell, J. Gallart, M. Schmitz, M. Miller, Subduction-Driven Recycling of Continental Margin Lithosphere, EGU2015-6874, EGU General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, April 12 – 17 2015

 
 

A. Levander, M. Bezada, F. Niu, M. Schmitz, The Two Subduction Zones of the Southern Caribbean: Lithosphere Tearing and Continental Margin Recycling in the East, Flat Slab Subduction and Laramide-Style Uplifts in the West, T13F-07, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.

 
 

N. Takeuchi, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, M. Obayashi, J. Chen, J. Ning, S. Grand, F. Niu J. Ni, R. Iritani, K. Idehara, T. Tonegawa, Upper Mantle Tomography in the Northwestern Pacific Region Using Triplicated P Waveforms, S14B-04, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

S.P. Grand; Y. Tang; F. Niu; M. Obayashi; Y.J. Chen; H. Kawakatsu; J. Ning; J. Ni,  Plumes and Drips Beneath Northeast China and the Western United States, S54A-04, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

Fenglin Niu, Zheng Liu,  John Y. Chen, Steve Grand, Hitoshi Kawakatsu, Jieyuan Ning, Satoru Tanaka, Masayuki Obayashi, James Ni, Seismic imaging of the mantle transition zone and lithosphere deformation beneath NE China: new constraints on intraplate volcanism, deep subduction and lithospheric dripping, SCG08-05, May 18-22, 2013, Chiba, Japan

 
 

F. Niu,  4D Seismic Imaging of Processes on the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield, July 22, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China

 
 

H. Liu, F. Niu, Estimating Crustal Seismic Anisotropy with a Joint Analysis of Radial and Transverse Receiver Function Data, S24B-03, INVITED, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA. 

 
 

T. M. Daley, J. B. A. Franklin, F. Niu, Recent Results from Crosswell CASSM (Continuous Active-Source Seismic Monitoring), T51I-04, INVITED, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA. 

 
 

F. Niu, What controls the strength of the continental lithosphere, INVITED, November 5, 2010, Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, China

 
 

F. Niu, Imaging of Fault Zone Processes on the San Andreas Fault near Parkfield, INVITED, November 5, 2010, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China.

 
 

 F. Niu, Seismic imaging of Earth’s deep interior: Implications for mantle and core dynamics, INVITED, February 19, 2010, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA.

 
 

 F. Niu, Seismic imaging of Earth’s deep interior: Implications for mantle and core dynamics, INVITED, November 3, 2010, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.

 
 

 F. Niu, Time-lapse Imaging of Fault Zone Processes, INVITED, November 3, 2010, China Earthquake Administration, Anhui branch, Hefei, China.

 
 

S14A-06. Assessing the role of fluids in episodic tremor and slip
events using active seismic sources: results from a prototype
experiment in Cascadia (Invited) F. Niu; P.G. Silver; R. Nigbor, 2009

 
 

Crosswell CASSM(Continuous Active-Source Seismic
Monitoring): Recent Developments (Invited) T.M. Daley; F. Niu; J.B.
Ajo Franklin; R. Solbau; P.G. Silver, 2009

 
 

DI42A-02. Inner Core Hemisphericity and Anisotropy: New Observations from Large Seismic Arrays (Invited) F. Niu, 2009

 
 

S14A-07. Remote Triggering of Fault-Strength Changes on the San
Andreas Fault at Parkfield (Invited) T. Taira; P.G. Silver; F. Niu; R.M.
Nadeau, 2009

 
 

"Seismic Evidence for Remote Triggering of Fault-Strength Changes on the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With T. Taira, P. G. Silver, R. M. Nadeau

 
 

"Seismic Imaging of Stress Transient." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With P. Silver, T Daley, R. Nadeau, T. Taira, X. Cheng, E. Majer

 
 

"Continuous Crosswell Seismic Measurement: Applications to Monitoring of Stress and CO 2." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With T. M. Daley, P. G. Silver, E. L. Majer, S. M. Benson

 
 

"The distinct uppermost and innermost of the inner core." MIT, Boston, USA. (April 4, 2007)

 
 

"NorthEast China Extended SeiSmic Array (NECESSArray): Deep Subduction, Mantle Dynamics, and Continental Evolution beneath Northeast China ." AGU Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting, Beijing. (7/24/06-7/27/06) With S. Grand, Y. Chen, H. Kawakatsu, J. Ni, M. Obayashi, S. Tanaka

 
 

"Developing a Methodology for Observing Stress-Induced Temporal Variations in Travel Time: A Progress Report." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (December 5-9) With P.G. Silver, T.M. Daley, E.L. Majer

 
 

"Pre-Stack Kirchhoff Depth Migrated Images of the Upper Mantle." AGU 2005 Joint Assembly, New Orleans. (May 23-27) With A Levander, S Ham

 
 

T. Daley, and E. Majer.  "Developing a Methodology for Measuring Stress-Induced Temnporal Variations in Seismic Velocity: Successful Use of Barometric Pressure and Solid-Earth Tides as Calibration Signal." International workshop on Active Monitoring in the Solid Earth Geophysics, Mizunami, Japan. (30 June - 3 July 2004) With P.G. Silver,

 
 

"East-west hemispherical dichotomy of seismic structure at the top of the inner core." Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas, USA. (9 September 2004)

 
 

Presentator.  "Measuring Anisotropy in the Oceanic Upper Mantle from Splitting in SS Waveforms." Joint Meeting of AGU,CGU, EEGS and SEG, Montreal, Canada. (17-21 May, 2004) With P.G. Silver, M.D. Behn

 
 

"Seismic discontinuities/scatterers in the mid-mantle." Department Seminar, Beijing University. (13 June 2004)

 
 

First author, delivered the talk.  "Temporal Variations of Seismogram Similarities: a new approach to the time-varying stress field." 2003 IRIS/UNAVCO annual workshop, Yosemite, California. (June 19-21) With P.G, Silver

 
 Keynote Speaker
 

F. Niu, Lithosphere thickness beneath China and its relationship with intraplate seismicity, October 13-15, 2013, Kunming, Yunnan, China

 
 Lectures
 

F. Niu, Depth Distribution of Seismic AnisotropyCIDER workshop, June 24-30, Berkeley, California

 
 

F. Niu, Identification of weak seismic arrivals with an array, Earthscope Imaging Science Workshop, June 21-23, 2011, Berkeley, California, USA.

 
 

"The Moho and the Lithosphere-Asthenosphere Boundary under the western U.S. from USArray PdS Receiver Functions." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With A. Levander, M. S. Miller

 
 Other
 

A. Levander, O. Onno, F. Niu, The Glacial BuzzSaw, Isostasy, and Global Crustal Models, T23E-08, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.  

 
 

A. Levander, O. Onno, F. Niu, The Glacial BuzzSaw, Isostasy, and Global Crustal Models, T23E-08, GSA Annual Meeting, Baltimore, USA, November 1-4, 2015

 
 

H. Chen, F. Niu, H. Ge, Characterizing the 2013 Songyuan Earthquake Sequence in Central Songliao Basin, Northeast China, T24B-05, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

J. Masy, M. Chen, F. Niu, A. Levander, High-resolution Adjoint Tomography of the Eastern Venezuelan Crust using Empirical Green’s Function Waveforms from Ambient Noise Interferometry, S22B-06, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

F. Niu, Y. Tang, H. Chen, K. Tao, A. Levander, Monitoring hydraulic fracturing with seismic emission volume, V43G-04, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 

 
 

A. Levander, M.J. Bezada, F. Niu , E.D. Humphreys, I. Palomeras, S.M. Thurner, J. Masy, M. Schmitz, J. Gallart, R. Carbonell, M.S. Miller, Subduction-Driven Recycling of Continental Margin Lithosphere, DI43B-06, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

N.R. Ranasinghe; A.C. Gallegos; A.R. Trujillo; E.A. Sandvol; J. Ni; T.M. Hearn; Y. Tang; S.P. Grand; F. Niu; J. Ning; H. Kawakatsu; M. Obayashi; S. Tanaka, Lg Attenuation in Northeast China Using the NECESSArray, S33F-06, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

T. Huang; F. Niu; M. Obayashi, A new P wave velocity model beneath East Asia: insights on the relationship between intraplate volcanism and Pacific subduction, S42C-01, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

A. Levander; M.J. Bezada; I. Palomeras; J. Masy; E. Humphreys; F. Niu,  Convective Removal of Continental Margin Lithosphere at the Edges of Subducting Oceanic Plates, T14B-02, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

F. Niu, Different deformation mechanism between the SE and NE Tibetan Plateau revealed by seismic anisotropy data, S54A-07, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

J. Chen; F. Niu; J. Ning, Seismic anisotropy of the innermost inner core, DI22A-07, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

F. Niu, Mapping lithosphere thickness beneath China with ScS reverberation data: what controls the intraplate seismicity in     Mainland China, S23E-02, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.  

 
 

S. Tanaka, H. Kawakatsu, Y. J. Chen, J. Ning, S. P. Grand, F. Niu, M. Obayashi, K. Miyakawa, K. Idehara, T. Tonegawa, R. Iritani, P-wave Velocity Structure in the Lowermost 600 km of the Mantle beneath Western Pacific Inferred from Travel Times and Amplitudes Observed with NECESSArray, S24B-07,  AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

M. Obayashi, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, Y. J. Chen, J. Ning, S. P. Grand, F. Niu, K. Miyakawa, K. Idehara, T. Tonegawa, R. Iritani,  P-wave tomography of Northeastern China observed with NECESSArray, S24B-06, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, S    an Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

Y. Tang, S. P. Grand, Y. J. Chen, F. Niu, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, J. Ning, Seismic evidence for upwelling of asthenosphere     beneath Northeast China from S wave tomography, S24B-05, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

T53F-08. The Antillean-South American Collision Zone as Imaged by BOLIVAR Seismic Data, A. Levander; M.J. Bezada; F. Niu; M.S. Miller; J. Masy; S.A. Clark; M. Magnani; H.G. Ave Lallemant; J.L. Pindell, 2009

 
 

"Joint inversion of teleseismic receiver functions and Rayleigh wave dispersion for crustal and upper mantle structures: a comparison of linear and nonlinear inversions." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With Y. Ma, H. Zhou, Y. Chen

 
 

"Prerupture Dilatancy Observed from Active Source Monitoring at the Parkfield SAFOD Drill Site." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With P. Silver, T. Daley, E. Majer

 
 

"Receiver function images of the lithosphere in the western U.S.." GSA Annual Meeting, Denver, USA. (October 28-31 2007) With A. Levander and M. S. Miller

 
 

"Seismic Evidence for a Vertical Tear in the South American Lithosphere Offshore Venezuela." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With S. A. Clark, A. Levander, C. A. Zelt, M. Sobiesiak, and M. B. Magnani

 
 

"Shear Wave Splitting Observations on the Caribbean-South American Plate Boundary: Evidence for Vertically Coherent Deformation Induced by Trench Rollback." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With M, Growdon, G. Pavlis

 
 

"USArray Receiver Function Images of the Lithosphere in the Western U.S." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With A. Levander, M. S. Miller, Y. Zhai, K. Liu

 
 

"Upper mantle structure beneath the Caribbean – South American plate boundary from surface wave tomography." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With M. S. Miller, A. Levander

 
 

"A Mechanism of Slab Stagnation in The Mantle Transition Zone." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With Y. Fukao, M. Obayashi, T. Nakakuki, T. Irifune, D. Yamazaki

 
 

"Constraints on seismic anisotropy of the innermost inner core from observations of antipode PKIIKP phases." AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06)

 
 

"Continuous in-situ measurement of stress-induced travel time variation at Parkfield." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With X. Cheng, P.G. Silver, T. Daley, E.L. Majer

 
 

"Continuous in-situ measurement of stress-induced travel time variation with coda interferometry." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With B. Wang, P. Zhu, Y. Chen, B. Wang

 
 

"Imaging mid-mantle structure beneath South America using S to P converted waveforms." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With E. Vanacore

 
 

"Tearing the lithosphere: Diachronous slab detachment along the Venezuelan margin from BOLIVAR seismic data." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With S. Clark, A. Levander

 
 

"Developing a Methodology for Measuring Stress Transients at Seismogenic Depth." AGU 2005 Joint Assembly, New Orleans. (May 23-27) With P.G. Silver, T. Daley, E. Majer

 
 

"Imaging the Subducting Pacific Slab Beneath Southwestern Japan." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (December 5-9) With F Niu, S Ham, M Obayashi

 
 

"Multimode Imaging of Seismic Coda Waves for Detecting the Fault-zone Heterogeneous Structure of the San Andreas Fault at Parkfield, California." SSA Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency - Incline Village, Nevada. (April 27 - 29, 2005) With Taira, T., Silver, P., Nadeau, R.M.

 
 

Presentator.  "Depth of the tectosphere beneath Kaapvaal craton." Joint Meeting of AGU,CGU, EEGS and SEG, Montreal, Canada. (17-21 May, 2004) With A. Levander, C.M. Cooper, C.-T. A. Lee, A. Lenardic, D.E. James

 
 

"Developing a Methodology for Measuring Stress-Induced Temporal Variations in Seismic Velocity: Successful Use of Barometric Pressure on Solid-Earth Tides as Calibration Signals." SSA Annual Meeting, Palm Springs, California, USA. (13-16 April, 2004) With P.G. Silver

 
 

"Developing a methodology for measuring stress transients at seismogenic depth." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (13-17 December, 2004) With P.G. Silver, T. Daley, and E. Majer

 
 

"On the possible role of chemical boundary layers in regulating the thermal thickness of continents and oceans." Joint Meeting of AGU,CGU, EEGS and SEG, Montreal, Canada. (17-21 May, 2004) With C.-T. A. Lee, A. Lenardic, C.M. Cooper, A. Levander

 
 

"Scattered wavefield within the San Andreas Fault system." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (13-17 December, 2004) With T. Taira, P.G.Silver, R.M. Nadeau

 
 

"The Global Seismographic Network and the Earth's Inner Core." Joint Meeting of AGU,CGU, EEGS and SEG, Montreal, Canada. (17-21 May, 2004) With L. Wen, W.-C. Yu

 
 

"The possible role of chemical boundary layers in regulating the thermal thickness of continents and oceans ." GSA Fall Meeting, Denver, Colorado. (November 7-10, 2004) With C.-T. A. Lee, A. Lenardic, C.M. Cooper, A. Levander

 
 

Presentator.  "Can we achieve consistent inner-core models from ISC travel-time data and waveform data ." AGU, San Francisco, California. (12/08/03-12/12/03) With Obayashi M., Wen L

 
 

"Developing a methodology for imaging stress transients at seismogenic depth." AGU, San Francisco. (12/08/03-12/12/03) With Valette-Silver N, Silver P, Daley T Majer E

 
 

First Author, Presentator.  "Physical property of a chemical heterogeneity in the mid-mantle: seismic evidence for an oceanic crust in the mid-mantle ." AGU, San Francisco. (12/08/03 - 12/12/03) With Kawakatsu H, Fukao Y

 
 

"Receiver-function imaging of the crustal and mantle structure beneath South Africa: a comparison of stacking and migration." AGU, San Francisco, California. (12/08/03-12/12/03) With Levander, A

 
 

"Hemispherical dichotomy at the top 400 km of the inner core." AGU Spring meeting, Washington DC. (05/28-31, 2002) With L. Wen

 
 

"Stress-Induced Migration of Seismic Scatterers Associated with the 1993 Parkfield Aseismic Transient ." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/05-10, 2002) With P.G. Silver, R.M. Nadeau

 
 Posters
 

Y. Liu, M. Chen, F. Niu, Z. Guo, Adjoint Tomography of 3-D Crustal Structure Beneath Northeast China Using Ambient Noise Derived Empirical Green’s Functions, S13A-2790,AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.

 
 

J. Zuo, F. Niu, Characterization of D” Anisotropy beneath Western Pacific using SKS-SKKS Splitting, DI11C-2609, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.

 
 

H. Chen, F. Niu, Y. Tang, Characterizing the ambient noise wavefield at hydrocarbon reservoir scale and some implications in hydraulic fracturing monitoring, 
S41B-2713, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.  

 
 

G. Xing, M. Chen, F. Niu, Y. Yang, Density Effects of Shallow Structures on the Crustal Shear Wavespeeds in Surface Wave Tomography, S23B-2708, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.

 
 

M. Chen, F. Niu, Q. Liu, J. Tromp, EARA2014 (East Asia Radially Anisotropic Model Based on Adjoint Tomography) and its Interpretations: Insights to the Formation of the Hangai Dome and the Tibetan Plateau, S23D-2768, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.

 
 

K. Tao, S. Grand, F. Niu, M. Chen, H. Zhu, High-resolution Waveform Tomography of Mantle Transition Zone and Slab Structure beneath Northeast China, S23D-2770, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.  

 
 

L. Wang, F. Niu, J. Wu, Mantle Zone beneath the North China and Some Implication for the Origin of the Datong Volcano, DI11C-2623, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.

 
 

Y. Tang, F. Niu, H. Chen, Q. Zuo, Variations in Fracturing Mechanisms Observed by Broadband Microseismic Monitoring of Hydraulic Treatment, S13B-2825, AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, USA, December 14-18, 2015.  

 
 

C. Yang, F. Niu, Mapping Lateral Variations of Crustal Structure across China with Pds Receiver Function Data, S23C-4523, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

Q. Wang, F. Niu, Y. Gao, Y.-T. Chen, Crustal Structure and Deformation beneath the NE Margin of the Tibetan Plateau Revealed by Receiver Function Data, S23C-4524, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

N.R. Ranasinghe, A.C. Gallegos, A.R. Trujillo, E.A. Sandvol, J. Ni, T.M. Hearn, Y. Tang, S.P. Grand, F. Niu, Y.J. Chen, J. Ning, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, M. Obayashi, Frequency dependent Lg attenuation in Northeast China and Korean Peninsula, S43B-4573, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

G. Xing, F. Niu, M. Chen, Y. Yang, High-resolution ambient noise adjoint tomography of the crust and upper mantle beneath the eastern margin of the Tibetan plateau, S23C-4521, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

M, Chen, F. Niu, Q. Liu, J. Tromp, Mantle Driven Dynamic Uplift of Hangay Dome: New Seismological Constraints from Adjoint Tomography, T21A-4554, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

S. Thurner, F. Niu, R. Margolis, A. Levander, C.-T. Lee, PdS Receiver Function Evidence for Mafic Underplating in the Superior Craton: A Discussion About Cratonic Stabilization, S31B-4400, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

J. Zuo, F. Niu, Seismic Mapping of Crustal and Mantle Deformation beneath the SE Tibetan Plateau with Receiver Function and SKS Splitting Data, S21C-4462, AGU Fall meeting, December 15-19, 2014.

 
 

 M. Chen; F. Niu; Q. Liu; J. Tromp, Adjoint tomography of crust and upper-mantle structure beneath Continental China, S53A-2399, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

J.Han; D. Kang; J. Ning; Y.J. Chen; J. Ni; F. Niu; S.P. Grand; H.Kawakatsu; S. Tanaka; M. Obayashi, Azimuthal Distribution of the Seismic Noise Source Energy Inverted from Phase Velocity Asymmetries Obtained by Ambient Noise Interferometry: A Case Study in Northeast China, S53A-2404,AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

H. Kawakatsu; L. Schardong; N. Takeuchi; S. Tanaka; M. Obayashi; Y.J. Chen; J. Ning; F. Niu; S.P.

Grand; J. Ni,  Comparison of P-, SV- and SH-wave velocity models below Japan and northeast China, 

 S53A-2401, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

Y. Chen; F. Niu; Z. Huang; R. Liu, Comprehensive Analysis of Broadband Data of Densely Distributed Broadband CNDSN for Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure in China, S53A-2405, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

K. TAO; T. Liu; F. Niu; J. Ning, Estimating sedimentary and crustal structure using wavefield continuation: theory, techniques and applications, S23A-2460, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

S. Thurner; A. Levander; F. Niu, Ps Reciever Function Analysis of the Crustal Structure Beneath the United States Great Plains, T11A-2405, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

Y. Tang; S.P. Grand; F. Niu,  Transition zone structure beneath NE China from 3D waveform modelling: Subduction related plumes, DI21A-2259, AGU Fall meeting, December 07-13, 2013 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

Y. Ma, F. Niu, Y. Gao, 3D anisotropic crustal structure beneath China estimated from receiver function data, S31E-2279, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

Z. Guo, Z. Liu, Y.J. Chen, J.  Ning, S.P. Grand F. Niu, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, Crustal structure of Northeast China from Ambient noise tomography using the NECESSArray, S31E-2291, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

F. Niu, X. Wang, Imaging the mantle transition zone beneath eastern and central China with CEArray receiver functions, EGU2011-9077, EGU General Assembly, April 4-8, 2011, ViennaAustria 

 
 

S. Ning, F. Niu, K. Tao, C. Cai, J. Ning, Large Lateral Variations of Seismic Anisotropy Observed along the North South Gravity Lineament in China, S31E-2286, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

K. Idehara, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, Y.J. Chen, J. Ning, S.P. Grand, F. Niu, N. Takeuchi, M. Obayashi, K. Miyakawa, T. Tonegawa, R. Iritani, Pacific large-low-shear-velocity province bounded by an extensive high-velocity anomaly observed with NECESSArray, S31E-2296, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

K. Tao, Y.J. Chen, H. Liu, F. Niu, J. Ning, S.P. Grand, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, Receiver Function Study of the Upper Mantle Discontinuities beneath Northeast China: Evidence for Local Mantle Upwelling Beneath the Songliao Basin, S31E-2293, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

J. Masy, A. Levander, F. Niu, Receiver Functions Imaging of the Moho and LAB in the Southern Caribbean plate boundary and Venezuela, T11B-2320, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

R. Iritani, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, Y.J. Chen, J. Ning, S.P. Grand, F. Niu, N. Takeuchi, M. Obayashi, K. Miyakawa, K. Idehara, T. Tonegawa, The depth profiling of attenuation structure of the western hemisphere of the inner core by analyzing NECESSArray data, S31E-2297, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

Y. Sun, F. Niu, H. Liu, X.j. Liu, Toward developing a 3D anisotropic seismic velocity model beneath the SE Tibetan and surrounding regions with receiver function data, S31E-2280, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

C. Cai, J. Ning, F. Niu, Y.J. Chen, S.P. Grand, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, Upper Mantle Structure and the 660-km Discontinuity beneath Japan Sea and its adjacent Areas Determined from Waveform Triplication data, S31E-2294, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

N. Takeuchi, H. Kawakatsu, S. Tanaka, Y.J. Chen, J. Ning, S.P. Grand, F. Niu, M. Obayashi, R. Iritani, K. Miyakawa, K. Idehara, T. Tonegawa, Upper-mantle Tomography with Array Analysis of Triplicated P-arrivals Observed by NECESSArray, S31E-2295, AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

S. Pan, F. Niu, Large contrast observed in crustal composition and structure between the Ordos plateau and the northeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau, AGU Fall meeting, December 13-17, 2010, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

 J. Masy, A. Levander, F. Niu, Lithospheric structure beneath the Caribbean- South American plate boundary from S receiver functions, AGU Fall meeting, December 13-17, 2010 San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

X. Wang, F. Niu, Mantle transition zone beneath eastern China and its tectonic implication, AGU Fall meeting, December 13-17, 2010, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

 F. Niu, Observation of a mid-mantle discontinuity beneath northeast China from S to P converted waves recorded by the USArray stations, June 9-11, 2010, Snowbird, Utah, USA.

 
 

 F. Niu, Observation of a mid-mantle discontinuity beneath northeast China from S to P converted waves recorded by the USArray stations, AGU Fall meeting, December 13-17, 2010, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

 H. Liu, F. Niu, Receiver function imaging of dipping structures – technique and applications, AGU Fall meeting, December 13-17, 2010, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
 

J. Masy, F. Niu, Seismic evidence of a deep origin of the Mérida Andes, Western Venezuela, June 9-11, 2010, Snowbird, Utah, USA.

 
 

F. Niu, P. G. Silver, R. Nigbor, Toward using the MK-15 shaker for active seismic monitoring, SSA Annual Meeting, April 21-23, 2010, Portland, Oregon, USA.

 
 

DI33A-1614. A Search of Rigid Zone at the Top of the Outer Core
with Underside Reflection of PKKP waves Recorded by the USArray
C.L. Kelly; j. huang; F. Niu, 2009

 
 

DI13A-1644. A broad 660-km discontinuity beneath northeast China
revealed by dense regional seismic networks in China B. Wang; F.
Niu, 2009

 
 

T11B-1792. Crustal and Upper Mantle Structure Beneath Northeast
China Revealed from Receiver Function Analysis of Regional Seismic
Networks H. Liu; F. Niu; B. Wang, 2009

 
 

DI41B-1799. Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath northeast
China inferred from regional seismic networks J. Li; F. Niu; B. Wang, 2009

 
 

T53A-1554. Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath western
Venezuela J. Masy; F. Niu; A. Levander, 2009

 
 

"The feasibility of using an eccentric mass shaker for time-lapse seismic imaging." SSA 2009 Annual Meeting, Monterey, California, USA. (8-10 April) With P.G. Silver, R. Nigbor, B. Wang

 
 

"Crustal and Mantle Structure of the Jalisco Block of western Mexico from Surface Wave Tomography." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With X. Wang, J. Ni, S. Grand

 
 

"Evidence for a low velocity zone at the core-mantle boundary beneath the Gulf of Mexico." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With E. Vanacore, Y. Ma

 
 

"High Resolution Transition Zone Structures beneath Western USA." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With A. Cao, A. Levander, M. S. Miller

 
 

"Slip Rates along the Yunnan Fault Zones Estimated From Repeating Microearthquakes,." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With Q. Chen, L. Li

 
 

"Sub Moho boundary beneath island arc, Japan." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With , T. Iidaka, T. Igarashi, C.-T. Lee, T. Iwasaki

 
 

"Subduction Geometry at the Southeastern Caribbean Plate Boundary Inferred from BOLIVAR Receiver-function Images." American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (15-19 December, 2008) With J. Huang

 
 

First author.  "Continuous in-situ measurement of stress-induced travel time variation at Parkfield." EarthScope National Meeting, Monterey, CA., USA.. (March 27-30) With P. G. Silver, T. Daley, E.L. Majer

 
 

"Dynamic Weakening of the San Andreas Fault by the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With T. Taira, P. G. Silver, and R. M. Nadeau

 
 

"Images of continental lithospheric bending, tearing, and rebound in the southeastern Caribbean plate boundary." GSA Annual Meeting, Denver, USA. (October 28-31 2007) With A. Levander, C. A. Zelt, M. S. Miller, S. Clark, M. Bezada, M. Sobiesiak, G. Pavlis, M. Schmitz

 
 

"Localized seismic scatterers near the core-mantle boundary beneath the Caribbean Sea : evidence from PKP precursors." AGU Joint Assembly, Acapulco, Mexico. (May 22-25) With M. S. Miller

 
 

"Searching for Seismic Signatures of a Plume Source at the Base of the Mantle below the Galapagos Island Hotspot." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With E. Vanacore

 
 

"Seismic evidence for a distinctly anisotropic innermost inner core." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With Q.-F. Chen

 
 

"Seismic imaging of scatterer migration using waveform data of repeating earthquakes." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With X. Cheng, P. G. Silver, R. M. Nadeau

 
 

"Small-scale seismic heterogeneity near the inner core boundary: evidence from Indonesian earthquakes." SSA Annual meeting, Kona, Hawaii, USA. (April 11-13, 2007) With M. S. Miller

 
 

"Source mechanism of the 2006 M5.1 Wen'an Earthquake determined from a joint inversion of local and teleseismic broadband waveform data." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With J. Huang, S. Ni, R. Fu

 
 

"Spatial clustering and repeating of seismic events observed along the 1976 Tangshan fault, North China." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With L. Li, Q.-F. Chen, X. Cheng

 
 

"Topography of the 660-km discontinuity beneath northeast China : Implications for a retrograde motion of the subducting Pacific slab." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (10-14 December, 2007) With J. Li, Q.-F., Chen, E. Vanacore

 
 

"Wide-angle velocity modeling and receiver functions imaging a lithospheric shear tear in the southeast Caribbean-South America plate boundary." AGU Joint Assembly,, Acapulco, Mexico.. (May 22-25, 2007) With S. A. Clark, A. Levander, C. A. Zelt, M. Sobiesiak

 
 

"CRUSTAL THICKNESS VARIATIONS IN THE SOUTHEASTER CARIBBEAN AND VENEZUELA AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR CONTINENTAL GROWTH." IRIS annual workshop, Tucson, Arizona. (6/8/06-6/10/06) With F. Niu, G. Pavlis, F. Vernon, H Rendon

 
 

"Crustal Thickness Variations along the Southeastern Caribbean Plate Boundary from Teleseismic and Active Source Seismic Data." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With M. Bezada, T. Baldwin, G. Pavlis, F. Vernon, H Rendon, C. Zelt, M. Schmitz. A. Levander

 
 

"Direct Detection of Temporal Variations in Seismic Scatterers at Seismogenic Depth Attributed to the 2004 Parkfield Earthquake." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With T. Taira, P.G. Silver, R.M. Nadeau

 
 

"Mantle Structure at Tectonic Corners: an Investigation of Venezuela and SE Alaska Using Shear-wave Splitting Measurements." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With M. Growdon, G. Pavlis

 
 

"Mapping the D" Discontinuity beneath Northern Pacific and Aleutians With USArray and California Seismic Networks." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With J. Hawthorne

 
 

"Waveform Inversion of the Teleseismic Wavefield." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/11/06-12/15/06) With Y. He, A. Levander

 
 

"A Simultaneous Imaging Method of Multiple Scattering Modes for Detecting a Fault-Zone Heterogeneous Structure of the San Andreas Fault, Parkfield, California." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (December 5-9) With T. Taira, P.G. Silver, R.M. Nadeau

 
 

Presenter.  "Crustal Structure Beneath China Inferred from Receiver Function and Apparent SS wave Splitting." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (December 5-9) With W D Mooney

 
 

"Kirchhoff Migration of Synthetic Receiver Functions: Subducting Slabs and Mantle Discontinuities." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (December 5-9) With S. Ham, A. Levander

 
 

"Repeat microearthquakes observed in western Nagano, Japan and implications to rupture dynamics." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. With X Cheng, P Silver, S Horiuchi, K Takai

 
 

"Search for mid-mantle discontinuities at approximately 1000 km depth in South America using S to P conversions and SS precursors." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (December 5-9) With E.A. Vanacore

 
 

"Seismic Structure of the Leeward Antilles Arc and Growth of the South American continent." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (December 5-9) With A.T. Arogunmati, C.A. Zelt, A. Levander

 
 

"A search for temporal variations in the scattered wavefield associated with the 1993 Parkfield aseismic transient event: a calibration between borehole and surface instruments." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (13-17 December, 2004) With X. Cheng, P.G. Silver, R. M. Nadeau

 
 

"A synthesis on lower mantle reflectors/scatterers and discontinuities beneath the western Pacific subduction zones." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (13-17 December) With E. Vanacore, H. Kawakatsu

 
 

"Mantle discontinuities beneath Japan determined from CCP stacking of receiver functions." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA.. (13-17 December) With S. Ham, A. Levander, M. Obayashi

 
 

Presentator.  "P to S scattered-wave imaging of the subducting slabs beneath Japan." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (13-17 December, 2004) With A. Levander, M. Obayashi

 
 

"Seismic anisotropy in the lower mantle: a comparison of waveform splitting of SKS and SKKS." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco, California, USA. (13-17 December, 2004) With A. Perez

 
 

"Anomalous top layer in the inner core beneath the eastern hemisphere." AGU, San Francisco. (12/08/03-12/12/03) With Wen L., Yu W., SUNY

 
 

"Effects of lateral heterogeneities on receiver-function imaging: the case of subducting slab." AGU, San Francisco. (12/08/03-12/12/03) With Ham S, Levander A

 
 

"Mantle Transition-zone Structure beneath the South Pacific Superswell and Evidence for a Mantle Plume underlying the Society Hotspot ." 14th Annual IRIS Meeting, Hawaii. (06/12-16, 2002) With S.C. Solomon, P.G. Silver, D. Suetsugu, H. Inoue

 
 

"Seismic structures in the inner and outer core constrained by the PKP observations near the caustic distance range." 2002 Spring Meeting, Washington DC. (05/28-31, 2002) With W. Yu, L. Wen

 
 

"Seismic velocity and attenuation structures at the top 400 km of the inner core ." AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco. (12/05-10, 2002) With W. Yu, L. Wen

 
 

"Strong seismic reflectors at mid-mantle depth beneath the Mariana and Indonesia subduction zones." AGU Fall meeting, San Francisco. (12/05-10, 2002) With H. Kawakatsu

 
 Seminar Speaker
 

"Seismic Imaging of Fault Zone Processes on the San Andreas Fault ." Earthquake Research Institute, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing, China. (25 December, 2009)

 
 

"Array Seismology: Imaging Structure, Stress and Processes." Institute of Earthquake Science, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing. (10/26/2006)

 
 

"Crustal and Mantle Seismic Structure beneath Southern Africa: Depth of the Tectosphere." Institute of Earthquake Science, China Earthquake Administration, Beijing. (6/26/06)

 
 

"East-west hemispherical dichotomy of seismic structures at the top of the inner core - a cold war?." New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM. (2/26/06)

 
 

"Seismic discontinuities/scatterers in the mid-mantle." State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY. (7/24/2006)

 
 Session Chair
 

Y. Ai, Z. Ding, J. Ning, F. Niu, Recent Advances in Broadband Array Seismic Investigation in China, S23E, S24E, S31E,  AGU Fall meeting, December 5-9, 2011, San Francisco, California, USA.

 
Editorial Positions
 Editor, Progress in Earth and Planetary Science. Japan Geoscience Union. (2015 - 2016)

 Editor for Special Issue, Earthquake Science. Springer, The Seismological Society of China. (2010 - 2010)

 Member of the Editorial Board, Scientific Reports. Nature Publishing Group. (2015 - 2016)

 Member of the Editorial Board, Earthquake Science. Springer, The Seismological Society of China. (2013 - 2013)

 Member of the Editorial Board, Earthquake Science. Seismological Society of China. (2008 - 2008)

 Member of the Editorial Board, Earthquake Science. Springer, The Seismological Society of China. (2010 - 2010)

 Member of the Editorial Board, Earthquake Science. Seismological Society of China. (2009 - 2009)

 Member of the Editorial Board, Scientific Reports. Nature publishing group. (2011 - 2011)

 Member of the Editorial Board, Earthquake Science. Springer, The Seismological Society of China. (2011 - 2011)

 Member of the Editorial Board, Scientific Reports. Nature publishing group. (2013 - 2013)

Supervised Theses & Dissertations
 Peng Shen, Ph.D. Wave Equation Migration Velocity Analysis by Differential Semblance Optimization. (2004) (Thesis Committee Member)

 Peng Shen, Ph.D. Wave Equation Migration Velocity Analysis by Differential Semblance Optimization. (2004) (Thesis Committee Member)

 Peng Shen, Ph.D. Wave Equation Migration Velocity Analysis by Differential Semblance Optimization. (2004) (Thesis Committee Member)

 Kartik Mutnuri, M.S. Diffuse Oceanic Plate Boundaries: Kinematic Observations and Dynamic Constraints. (2005) (Thesis Committee Member)

 Adeyemi Arogunmati, Master of Science 3-D Seismic Structure of the Leeward Antilles Arc from seismic refraction and reflection tomography. (2006) (Thesis Committee Member)

 Kartick Mutnuri, Master of Science Diffuse Oceanic Plate Boundaries; Kinematic Observations and Dynamic Constraints. (2006) (Thesis Committee Member)

 Li Zhang, Ph. D. A General Kinetic Model: Kinetics and Atomic-Scale Mechanism of Feldspar. (2007) (Thesis Committee Member)

 Elizabeth Vanacore, Ph. D. Determining the Nature of Middle and Lower Mantle Heterogeneity. (2008) (Thesis Director)

 Xin Cheng, Ph. D. Time-Lapse Imaging of Fault Properties at Seismogenic Depth. (2009) (Thesis Director)

Awards, Prizes, & Fellowships
 CAREER Award , National Science Fundation (December 6, 2007)

 Carnegie postdoctoral fellowship, Carnegie Institution of Washington (01/01/02)

Positions Held
 Panel member, NSF EAR program. (2011 - 2011)

 Visiting Professor, Institute of Geophysics, China Earthquake Administration . (2011 - 2011)

 GSN Standing Committee, IRIS. (2007 - 2007)

 GSN Standing Committee, IRIS. (2006 - 2006)

 GSN Standing Committee, IRIS. (2008 - 2008)