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Scholarly Interest Report
         
Helge M. Gonnermann
Associate Professor
Associate Professor in Earth Science
 
e-mail:helge@rice.edu
 
  • B.A. Structural Geology (1992) University of Montana, Missoula, MT
  • M.S. Geophysics, Seismology (1995) University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
  • Ph.D. Geodynamics and Physical Volcanology (2004) University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
 
Primary Department
   Department of Earth, Environmental & Planetary Sciences
Picture
 
Websites
 Research Page
 Faculty Website Helge Gonnermann
 Helge Gonnermann, Department of Earth Science, Personal Website
 
Research Areas
 Physical Volcanology, Geological Fluid Mechanics, Geodynamics
 
Selected Publications
 Abstracts
 

Branecky, C., Keller, T., Farner, M. Lanza, F., Siravo, G., Huybers, P. Manga, M. and Gonnermann, H.M., Feedback between deglaciation and volcanism in arc settings: the example of the Mount Mazama volcanic system, Crater Lake, Oregon. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 14-18 December, 2015

 
 

Giachetti, T., Gonnermann, H.M. and Crozier, J., Open system degassing during Plinian eruptions. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 14-18 December, 2015

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M., Giachetti, T., Gardner, J.E., Truong, N., Toledo, P. and Hajimirza, S., Empirical relationships of homogeneous bubble nucleation, growth and coalescence in rhyolitic melt. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 14-18 December, 2015 

 
 

Liu, Z., Dugan, B., Masiello, C.A., Gonnermann, H.M. and Nittrouer, J.A., Effect of Freeze­Thaw Cycles on Grain Size of Biochar. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 14-18 December, 2015 

 
 

Munoz-Saez, C., Saltiel, S., Manga, M., Nguyen, C. and Gonnermann, H.M., Hydraulic and Physical properties of modern sinter deposits: El Tatio, Atacama. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 14-18 December, 2015

 
 

Blaser, A.P., Gonnermann, H.M., Feguson, D., Plank, T., Hauri, E., Houghton, B.F., Swanson, D., Effect of CO2 content on magma supply rate at Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, Abstract EGU2014-9862, European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, 27-April-2 May (2014)

 
 

Blaser, A.P., Gonnermann, H.M., Ferguson, D.J., Plank, T.A., Hauri, E.H., Houghton, B.F., and Swanson, D.A., Volatile content of Hawaiian magmas and volcanic vigor. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Ferguson, D.J., Ruprecht, P. Plank, T.A., Hauri, E.H., Rose, Gonnermann, H.M., Houghton, B.F. and Swanson, D.A., Measuring the speed of magma ascent during explosive eruptions of Kilauea, Hawaii. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Giachetti, T. and Gonnermann, H.M., The location and timing of magma degassing during Plinian eruptions. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Giachetti, T., Gonnermann, H.M., Gardner, J.E. Shea, T., Discriminating secondary from primary water in rhyolitic matrix-glass of volcanic pyroclasts using thermogravimetric analysis. Goldschmidt Conference, Sacramento, CA, 8-13 June (2014)

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M., A review of terrestrial explosive volcanism, 48th European Space Agencey ESLAB symposium: New insights into volcanism across the solar system, Noordwijk, Netherlands, 16 June-20 June (2014)

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Gardner, J.E., Toward a self-consistent formulation for predicting bubble nucleation in silicate melts, Abstract EGU2014-16192, European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, 27-April-2 May (2014)

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M., Ferguson, D.J., Blaser, A.P., Houghton, B.F., Plank, T.A., Hauri, E.H., and Swanson, D.A., Modeling explosive eruptions at Kilauea, Hawaii. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Houghton, B.F., Orr, T.R., Taddeucci, J., Gonnermann, H.M., Scarlato, P., Del Bello, E., Carey, R. and Patrick, M.R, The dynamics of prolonged low fountaining behavior at Halemaumau, Kilauea, in December 2013. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Liu Z., Dugan, B., Masiello, C.A. and Gonnermann, H.M., Grain-Size Effects on Field Capacity of Soil-Biochar Mixtures. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Lloyd, A.S., Hauri, E.H., Rose, W.I., Gonnermann, H.M. and Plank, T.A., Ascent rates from melt embayments: Insights into the eruption dynamics of arc volcanoes. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Masiello, C., Brewer, C., Dugan, B., Liu, Z., Gonnermann, H.M., Zygourakis, K., Davies, C., Panzacchi, P., Gao, X. and Pyle, L., Charcoal's physical properties are key to understanding its environmental behavior, Abstract EGU2014-13651, European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, 27-April-2 May (2014)

 
 

Moitra, P. and Gonnermann, H.M., The effect of crystal shape, size and bimodality on the maximum packing and the rheology of crystal bearing magma, Abstract EGU2014-10533, European Geosciences Union General Assembly, Vienna, Austria, 27-April-2 May (2014)

 
 

Moitra, P., Gonnermann, H.M., Houghton, B.F. and Crozier, J., The effect of microlite and permeability on the Plinian eruption of basaltic magma. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Shea, T., Giachetti, T., Gonnermann, H.M. and Donnelly-Nolan, J.M., From pumice to obsidian: eruptive behaviors that produce tephra-flow dyads. I - The AD1100 Big Glass Mountain eruption at Medicine Lake Volcano (California). American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Tucker, J.M., Mukhopadhyay, S. and Gonnermann, H.M., Reconstructing the mantle volatile content through the veil of degassing. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 15-19 December, 2014.

 
 

Brewer, C.E., Chuang, V.J., Masiello, C.A., Gonnermann, H., Gao, X., Dugan, B., Driver, L.E., Panzacchi, P., Zygourakis, K., Davies, C., Controls on the Density and Porosity of Biochar, USBI North American Biochar Symposium, Amherst, MA, 14 October (2013)

 
 

Brewer, C.E., Woda, A., Drive, L.E., Burger, J., Gonnermann, H. and Masiello, C.A. Biochar from
wastewater biosolids - a comparison to biochars from lignocellulose. AiChE annual meeting,
San Francisco, CA, Nov. (2013)

 
 

Ferguson, D.J., Plank, T.A., Hauri, E.H., Houghton, B.F., Gonnermann, H.M., Swanson, D.A., Blaser, A.P., Comparing eruptions of varying intensity at Kilauea via melt inclusion analysis, Abstract V33F-07, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 December (2013)

 
 

Giachetti, T., Gonnermann, H.M. and Gardner, J.E., Discriminating secondary from primary water in volcanic glass using thermogravimetric analysis, Abstract V31B-2694, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 December (2013)

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Gardner, J.E., Beyond classical nucleation theory of bubble nucleation during explosive volcanic eruptions, Abstract V32D-01, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 December (2013)

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Gardner, J.E., The surface tension of rhyolite from combined experiments and numerical modeling, Abstract 1998-1, presented at the IAVCEI General Assembly, Kagoshima, Japan, 20-24 July (2013).

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M., Foster, J.H., Poland, M., Wolfe, C.J., Brooks, B.A. and Miklius, A., Dynamic coupling of Mauna Loa and Kilauea, Hawaii, Abstract 1998-2 presented at the IAVCEI General Assembly, Kagoshima, Japan, 20-24 July (2013)

 
 

Houghton, B.F., Taddeucci, J., Orr, T.R., Gonnermann, H.M., Swanson, D.A., Parcheta, C.E., Linking Hawaiian and Strombolian explosive styles, Abstract V41B-2794, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 December (2013)

 
 

Masiello, C.A., Brewer, C.E., Dugan, B., Gonnermann, H., Zygourakis, K., Davies, C., Panzacchi, P.,
Chuang, V., Pyle, L.A.  Charcoal chemistry:  irrelevant to environmental residence time?
ACS National Meeting, Indianapolis, IN, Sept. (2013)

 
 

Moitra, P., Gonnermann, H.M., Houghton, B.F. and Giachetti, T., Relating vesicle shapes in pyroclasts to eruptions styles, Abstract 1515-1 presented at the IAVCEI General Assembly, Kagoshima, Japan, 20-24 July (2013)

 
 

Montagna, C.P. and Gonnermann, H.M., Magma flow between summit and Pu`u `O`o at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i, Abstract 1170-1 presented at the IAVCEI General Assembly, Kagoshima, Japan, 20-24 July (2013)

 
 

Nguyen, C.T., Giachetti, T., Gonnermann, H.M., Moitra, P., Fessahaie, M., Houghton, B.F., The effect of open-system degassing on magma permeability, Abstract V21B-2723, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 December (2013)

 
 

Nguyen, C.T., Gonnermann, H.M., Chen, Y. and Huber, C., The lifetime of bubbles, Abstract 2133-1 presented at the IAVCEI General Assembly, Kagoshima, Japan, 20-24 July (2013)

 
 

Weaver, S.J., Houghton, B.F., Gonnermann, H.M., Nguyen, C.T., Burgisser, A., Fagents, S.A., Ending a powerful explosive eruption: the case study of Novarupta 1912, Alaska, Abstract V32D-04, American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 9-13 December (2013)

 
 

Giachetti, T. and Gonnermann, H.M. (2012), Water in pumices: rehydration or incomplete degassing? Abstract V24B-07, presented at Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 3-7 December, 2012.

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. (2012), Dynamic coupling of Mauna Loa and Kilauea volcanoes, Hawai`i, presented at AGU Chapman Conference on Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, Waikaloa, Hawai`i, 20-24 August, 2012.

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Gardner, J.E. (2012), Integrated experiments and modeling of H2O-CO2 degassing during magma ascent, invited abstract V23G-01, presented at Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 3-7 December, 2012.

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Giachetti, T. (2012), The timing of magma degassing during explosive eruptions, invited abstract V23G-01, presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 3-7 December, 2012.

 
 

Lloyd, A.S., Plank, T., Ruprecht, P., Hauri, E.H., Gonnermann, H.M. and Rose, W.I. (2012), NanoSIMS results from olivine-hosted melt embayments: Modeling ascent rate in explosive basaltic eruptions, Abstract V12B-02, presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisci, CA, 3-7 December, 2012.

 
 

Masiello, C.A., Dugan, B., Zygourakis, K., Gonnermann, H.M., Liu, Z., Ziegelgruber, K.,
and Chuang, V. Physical controls on organic matter stability. Keynote, European
Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria, April 2012.

 
 

Masiello, C.A., Liu, Z., Ziegelgruber, K., Dugan, B., Gonnermann, H.M., Chuang, V.,
Zygourakis, K. Density and porosity as controls on charcoal storage in soils. European
Geosciences Union, Vienna, Austria, April 2012.

 
 

Moitra, P. and Gonnermann, H.M. (2012), Yield stress and jamming in concentrated suspensions of particles in viscous liquids, Abstract V11B-2761, presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 3-7 December, 2012.

 
 

Montagna, C. and Gonnermann, H.M. (2012), The migration of pressure transients within elastically deforming magma pathways, presented at AGU Chapman Conference on Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, Waikoloa, Hawai`i, 20-24 August, 2012.

 
 

Montagna, C.P. and Gonnermann, H.M. (2012), Transmission of magmatic pressure changes at Kilauea volcano, Abstract V32A-05, presented at Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 3-7 December, 2012.

 
 

Nguyen, C.T., Gonnermann, H.M., Chen, Y. and Huber, C. (2012), Toward and empirical scaling for bubble coalescence rates, Abstract V11B-2750, presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, CA, 3-7 December, 2012.

 
 

V.C. Chuang, C.A. Masiello, H. Gonnermann, Z. Liu, B. Dugan, K. Zygourakis.  Black

carbon: does it sink or float?  AGU/ASLO Ocean Sciences Meeting, Salt Lake City,

February 2012.

 
 

Gonnermann, H. M., Houghton, B. F., Adams, N. K., and Hildreth, E. W. "Modeling Magma Decompression During the 1912 Plinian Eruption at Novarupta, Alaska." 

 
 

Mukhopadhyay, S., Gonnermann, H.M. "Mantle mixing and mantle flow from an isotopic perspective." 

 
 

Mukhopadhyay, S., Gonnermann, H.M., O'Connell, R.J., Dziewonski, A. and van der Hilst, R.D. "Geochemical and geophysical constraints on the nature of mantle convection." 

 
 Refereed articles
 

Ferguson, D.J., Gonnermann, H.M., Ruprecht, P., Plank, T.A., Hauri, E.H., Houghton, B.F. and Swanson, D.A. "Magma decompression rates during explosive eruptions of Kīlauea volcano, Hawaii, recorded by melt embayments." Bull. Volcanol

 
 

Gardner, J.E., Jackson, B.A., Gonnermann, H.M. and Soule, S.A. "Rapid ascent and emplace Rapid ascent and emplacement of basaltic lava during the 2005–06 eruption of the East Pacific Rise at ca. 9°51′N as inferred from CO2 contents,." Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 453: 152-160.

 
 

Liu, Z., Dugan B., Masiello C.A., Barnes, R.T., Gallagher, M.E., Gonnermann, H.M. "Impacts of Biochar Concentration and Particle Size on Hydraulic Conductivity and DOC Leaching of Biochar-Sand Mixtures ." J. Hydrol., 433: 461-472.

 
 

Munoz-Saez, C., Satiel, S., Manga, M., Nguyen, C.T. and Gonnermann, H.M "Physical and hydraulic properties of modern sinter deposits: El Tatio, Atacama." , J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res, 325: 156-168.

 
 

Ferguson, D.J., Gonnermann, H.M., Ruprecht, P., Plank, T.A., Hauri, E.H., Houghton, B.F. and Swanson, D.A., Magma decompression rates during explosive eruptions of Kīlauea volcano, Hawaii, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. (in review).

 
 

Giachetti, T., Gonnermann, H.M. and Crozier, J., Reconstructing magma fragmentation during explosive volcanic eruptions, (in revision).

 
 

Giachetti, T., Gonnermann, H.M., Gardner, J.E., Shea, T., Gouldstone, A., Discriminating secondary from primary water in rhyolitic matrix-glass of volcanic pyroclasts using thermogravimetric analysis, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 148, 457-476, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2014.10.017 (2015).

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M., Magma fragmentation, Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 43, doi:10.1146/annurev-earth-060614-105206 (2015)

 
 

Liu, Z., Dugan B., Masiello C.A., Barnes, R.T., Gallagher, M.E., Gonnermann, H.M., Impacts of Biochar Concentration and Particle Size on Hydraulic Conductivity and DOC Leaching of Biochar-Sand Mixtures J. Hydrol., 433, 461-472, dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.12.007 (2016)

 
 

Moitra, P. and Gonnermann, H.M., Effects of crystal shape- and size-modality on magma rheology, Geophys. Geochem. Geosys., doi:10.1002/2014GC005554 (2015).

 
 

Munoz-Saez, C., Saltiel, S., Manga, M. Nguyen, C.T. and Gonnermann, H.M., Hydraulic and physical properties of modern sinter deposits: El Tatio, Atacama, (submitted).

 
 

Brewer, C.E., Chuang, V.J., Masiello, C.A., Gonnermann, H., Gao, X., Dugan, B., Driver, L.E., Panzacchi, P., Zygourakis, K., Davies, C., New approaches to measuring biochar density and porosity, Biomass & Bioenergy, doi:0.1016/j.biombioe.2014.03.059 (2014)

 
 

Huber, C., Su, Y., Nguyen, C.T., Parmigiani, A., Gonnermann, H.M. and J. Dufek, J., A new bubble dynamics model to study bubble growth, deformation and coalescence, J. Geophys. Res., doi: 10.1002/2013JB010419 (2014)

 
 

Lloyd, A.S., Plank, T., Ruprecht, P., Hauri, E.H., Rose, W. and Gonnermann, H.M., NanoSIMS results from olivine-hosted melt embayments: Magma ascent rate during explosive basaltic eruptions, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2014.06.002 (2014).

 
 

Nguyen, C.T., Gonnermann, H.M. and Houghton, B.F., Explosive to effusive transition during the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century, Geology, 42, 703–706, doi:10.1130/G35593.1 (2014).

 
 

Carey, R.J., Manga, M., Degruyter, W., Gonnermann, H.M., Swanson, D., Houghton, B.F., Orr, T. and Patrick, M., Convection in a volcanic conduit recorded by bubbles, Geology, 41, 395-398, doi: 10.1130/G33685.1 (2013)

 
 

Giachetti, T. and Gonnermann, H. M., Water in volcanic pyroclasts: rehydration or incomplete degassing? Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 369-370, 317-332, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.03.041 (2013)

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Gardner, J.E., Homomogeneous bubble nucleation in rhyolitic melt: experiments and non-classical theory, Geophys. Geochem. Geosys., 2013GC004873 (2013)

 
 

Huber, C., Su, Y., Nguyen, C.T., Parmigani, A., Gonnermann, H.M. and Dufek, J., A new bubble dynamics model to study bubble growth, deformation and coalescence, J. Geophys. Res., 119, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010419. (2013).

 
 

Lloyd, A.S., Plank, T., Ruprecht, P., Hauri, E.H., Rose, W. and Gonnermann, H.M., NanoSIMS results from olivine-hosted melt embayments: Magma ascent rate during explosive basaltic eruptions, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. (in review).

 
 

Moitra, P., Gonnermann, H.M., Houghton, B.F. and Giachetti, T., Relating vesicle shapes in pyroclasts to eruption styles, Bull. Volcanol., 75:691, doi: 10.1007/s00445-013-0691-8 (2013).

 
 

Montagna, C.P. and Gonnermann, H.M., Magma flow between summit and Pu`u `O`o at Kilauea Volcano, Hawai`i, Geophys. Geochem. Geosys., doi: 10.1002/ggge.20145 (2013)

 
 

Nguyen, C.T., Gonnermann, H.M., Chen, Y., Huber, C., Maiorano, A.A., Gouldstone, A. and Dufek, J., Film drainage and the lifetime of bubbles, Geophys. Geochem. Geosys.,  doi: 10.1002/ggge.20145 (2013)

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Houghton, B.F., Magma degassing during the Plinian eruption of Novarupta, Alaska, 1912, Geochem. Geophys. Geosys., doi:10.1029/2012GC004273, Q10009 (2012).

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M., Foster, J.H., Poland, M., Wolfe, C.J., Brooks, B.A. and Miklius, A., Coupling at Mauna Loa and Kilauea by stress transfer in an asthenospheric melt layer, Nature Geosci., 5, 826-829, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1612 (2012).

 
 

Stovall, W.K., Houghton, B.F., Gonnermann, H., Fagents, S.A. and Swanson, D.A., 2011, Eruption dynamics of Hawaiian-style fountains: the case study of episode 1 of the Kilauea Iki 1959 eruption, Bulletin of Volcanology, 73, 511-529, doi: 10.1007/s00445-010-0426-z.

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Mukhopadhyay, S., Preserving noble gases in a convecting mantle, Nature, 459, 560-563 (2009)

 
 Book chapters
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Taisne, B., Magma Transport in Dikes, in 2nd edition of the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes (2015).

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Manga, M., Dynamics of magma ascent in the volcanic conduit, in Modeling Volcanic Processes, The Physics and Mathematics of Volcanism, eds. Fagents, S.A., Gregg, T.K.P. and Lopes, R.M.C., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2013).

 
 

Gonnermann, H.M. and Taisne, B., Magma Transport in Dikes, in 2nd edition of the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, Elsevier (in review).

 
Presentations
 Invited Talks
 

Lunar Planetary Institute, Houston

 
 

Deep Carbon Observatory International Science Meeting, Munich, Germany, 2015

 
Supervised Theses & Dissertations
 Pranabendu Moitra, PhD The rheology of particle-liquid suspensions, the shape and interconnectivity of vesicles in pyroclasts and implications for the Plinian eruption of basaltic magma. (2015) (Thesis Director)

 Sofia Avendano, BS The Rate of Bubble Coalescence in Bubbly Viscous Fluids. (2016) (Thesis Director)

 Chinh Nguyen, PhD The Permeability of Pyroclasts. (2016) (Thesis Director)

 Adeene Denton, BS Ice Dynamics at Enceladus' South Pole. (2016) (Thesis Co-Director)

 Austin P Blaser, MS Controls on magma supply from depth at K ̄ılauea Volcano, Hawai‘i. (2016) (Thesis Director)

 Sahand Hajimirza, Phd The Energy of Bubble Nucleation in Magmatic Melts. (2019) (Thesis Director)

 Maria Furtney, Ph.D. Variations in magma transport and storage cause diversity in volcanic systems. . (2020) (Thesis Director)